Guide to Technical Indicators in Trading

Are you ready to embark on a journey into the world of technical indicators in trading? Buckle up, because we're about to delve into a realm where numbers dance and charts come to life. At Novatos Trading Club, we're passionate about helping you make sense of the ever-fluctuating financial markets. So, grab your favorite beverage, and let's explore the world of technical indicators together.


A Comprehensive Guide to Technical Indicators in Trading
A Comprehensive Guide to Technical Indicators in Trading

Unveiling the World of Technical Indicators

Before we dive into the nitty-gritty details, let's start with the basics: What exactly is a technical indicator in trading? Think of technical indicators as your trusty sidekicks in the trading world. They are like tools that you add to your trading chart, providing you with that extra edge to gain a statistical advantage in your trading decisions.

These indicators are, at their core, mathematical formulas based on price and other variables. Their main purpose is to provide you with a visual output that aids in analyzing charts. You might wonder, are some indicators better than others? Well, it's not a one-size-fits-all scenario. It all depends on how you use them and which one resonates with you the most. In general, there are two major categories of technical indicators:


Oscillators are indicators that, true to their name, oscillate constantly, crossing specific levels through varying degrees of intensity. These levels and the indicator's speed of movement depend on the type of oscillator and its configuration. They serve as early warning systems for trend changes and price reversals. However, they do come with a caveat: they generate a fair share of false signals.

Here are the top three oscillators that I find most effective:

Force Index

The Force Index, created by Alexander Elder, is calculated based on the last two prices and volume. It may sound complex, but it's incredibly efficient. We use it on daily charts at Novatos Trading Club because it's highly responsive to market movements. I consider it a fundamental tool in my trading arsenal.

Stochastic Oscillator

The Stochastic Oscillator, although similar to the Force Index, has its own unique characteristics. It's less sensitive but excels in identifying overbought and oversold conditions. Visualizing it is quite different, with values ranging from 0 to 100 and distinct zones indicating buying and selling opportunities.

Relative Strength Index (RSI)

The RSI, or Relative Strength Index, measures price strength by comparing upward and downward price movements. Like the Stochastic, it operates between 0 and 100, with specific levels indicating "cheap" or "expensive" prices. When configured correctly, RSI can be a highly precise tool.

Trend-following Indicators

Trend-following indicators help you determine the current trend's direction, making it easier to ride the trend with a higher probability of success. They offer greater clarity on price movements, but they tend to be slower in detecting trend changes. These are the must-haves in your toolkit:

Moving Averages

A moving average is a fundamental indicator that should grace your charts, especially for longer timeframes. It serves two crucial purposes:

  • Trend Direction: A quick glance will tell you whether you're in an uptrend or a downtrend, helping you make rapid decisions about your trades. However, in certain situations, such as sideways markets, it might not be as helpful.

  • Price-Value Tension: The moving average represents the reasonable price of the asset you're trading. If the price deviates significantly from the moving average, it indicates high price-value tension. Eventually, the price tends to converge back towards the value.

Properly adjusting your moving average can significantly improve your chances of hitting your targets. It only takes a few seconds, and it's well worth the effort.

Besides riding the trend in the right direction, timing is everything. You'll want to enter your trades when the price aligns with its moving average, reducing the aforementioned price-value tension.

Moving Average Convergence Divergence (MACD)

Last but certainly not least, we have the MACD, one of the most robust and stable indicators in existence. One of its key advantages is its adaptability. Once configured, it doesn't require constant adjustments when you analyze different assets. It's also visually intuitive, making it easy to see who's currently in control - the bulls or the bears.

Here's a snapshot of what it looks like:

In my weekly chart, the MACD is a constant presence and has saved the day on more than one occasion, especially with its divergence signals.

The Power of Technical Indicators

Why should you bother with technical indicators in your trading journey? Well, it's quite simple: they're here to lend you a helping hand. Technical indicators serve as fantastic tools for alerting, confirming, and predicting price movements. But here's the icing on the cake: they allow you to spot divergences with the price.

Divergences can be game-changers in your trading strategy. In many cases, a divergence serves as the final trigger to enter or exit a trade. Let's take a look at this RSI divergence that forecasted a change in the BTCUSD price direction:

And there are plenty more examples like this if you know where to look.

In conclusion, I firmly believe that a solid grasp of technical indicators can provide you with a significant advantage in the trading world. Of course, it takes time to learn and master them, but the effort is well worth it. One final piece of advice: don't overcomplicate your charts with too many indicators. It will only cloud your judgment with conflicting signals.

If you're looking for more personalized guidance, check out our one-on-one training program at Novatos Trading Club. We're here to tailor this information to suit your needs.

Feel free to drop any questions or insights in the comments; we're always happy to hear from fellow traders.


Congratulations, you've just embarked on a journey through the intricate world of technical indicators in trading. Armed with this knowledge, you're better equipped to navigate the financial markets with confidence and precision. Remember, technical indicators are your allies, providing valuable insights and helping you make informed trading decisions.